how to hold a trombone

How to Hold a Trombone: Tips and Techniques for Beginners

Are you new to the world of the trombone? Or have you been playing for a while but are struggling with your technique? Either way, one of the most important things to get right when playing the trombone is your posture and positioning. In this article, we will guide you through the correct way to hold and position your trombone, as well as answering some common questions that beginners have about this topic.

Holding the Trombone

The first step to playing the trombone is to hold it correctly. To do this, follow these steps:

Step 1: Stand or sit up straight

Good posture is essential for playing the trombone. Whether you are standing or sitting, make sure that your back is straight, your shoulders are relaxed, and your head is held high. This will help you to breathe properly and produce a clear and resonant sound.

Step 2: Position the trombone

Hold the trombone with your left hand, with your thumb under the leadpipe and your fingers wrapped around the slide tubes. Rest the bell of the trombone on your right leg if you are sitting, or on your left hip if you are standing. Make sure that the mouthpiece is pointing towards your mouth, and that the slide is facing away from your body.

Step 3: Rest the instrument

When you are not playing, you can rest the instrument on its stand or on your lap (if you are sitting). Be sure to place it in a position where it will not be knocked over or damaged.

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Playing the Trombone

Once you are holding the trombone correctly, it is time to start playing. Here are some tips and techniques for beginners:

Tip 1: Breath control

Breathing is an essential part of playing any wind instrument, and the trombone is no exception. Take slow, deep breaths and focus on using the full capacity of your lungs. As you exhale, control the air flow with your diaphragm to create a steady and smooth tone.

Tip 2: Positioning your lips

When playing the trombone, you will use your lips to buzz into the mouthpiece. To do this, place your lips firmly against the mouthpiece and create a seal. Then, buzz your lips by blowing air through them. Experiment with different angles and shapes of your lips to find the best sound for you.

Tip 3: Slide technique

The slide is one of the defining features of the trombone, and mastering it is essential for playing the instrument well. To move the slide smoothly, use your left hand to grip the slide tubes while your right hand holds the bell. Start with the slide in the closed position (i.e. all the way in). As you play notes, move the slide in and out to adjust the pitch. Try to move the slide quickly and smoothly to produce a clear and crisp sound.


Q: How do I know if I am holding the trombone correctly?

A: The most important thing when holding the trombone is to keep your back straight, shoulders relaxed, and head held high. The bell of the trombone should be resting on your leg or hip, facing away from your body. The mouthpiece should be positioned towards your mouth, and the slide should be held with your left hand.

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Q: How do I improve my breath control?

A: Breath control is a key part of playing any wind instrument. To improve your breath control, practice taking slow, deep breaths and using the full capacity of your lungs. Focus on controlling the air flow with your diaphragm to create a steady and smooth tone.

Q: Can I play the trombone without a stand?

A: Yes, you can play the trombone without a stand. When you are not playing, you can rest the instrument on your lap (if you are sitting) or on its side on a flat surface. However, a stand is often useful for holding the instrument in between playing, and can help to prevent damage to the instrument.

Q: How do I clean and maintain my trombone?

A: To clean your trombone, start by disassembling it into its individual components (i.e. slide, bell, and mouthpiece). Use a cloth or brush to remove any dirt, dust, or debris from each part. For more thorough cleaning, you can use a brass cleaning solution. Be sure to rinse the parts thoroughly after using the solution, and dry them completely before reassembling the instrument. To maintain your trombone, store it in a cool and dry place, and avoid exposing it to extreme temperatures or moisture.


Holding the trombone properly is essential for producing a clear and resonant sound. By following the tips and techniques outlined in this article, you can learn how to hold the trombone correctly and develop your technique as a player. Remember to focus on your posture, breath control, and slide technique, and to practice regularly to improve your skills over time. With dedication and hard work, you can become a skilled trombone player and enjoy the unique sound and style of this amazing instrument.

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